PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN PENCEGAHAN PERILAKU BULLYING MELALUI METODE EDUKASI DAN ROLE PLAY PADA ANAK USIA SEKOLAH

Lita Heni Kusumawardani, Buana Restu Dewanti, Nabila Alma Maitsani, Zahrotul Uliyah, Anis Cahyani Dewantari, Anggoro Dwi Laksono, Gustiani Ike Saraswati, Kristian Adi Nugroho, Ayu Diah Lestari, Nadya Rohmatul Laila

Abstract


Bullying saat ini banyak terjadi di masyarakat terutama pada anak usia sekolah. Masalah bullying perlu menjadi perhatian karena berdampak buruk bagi perkembangan anak. Pengetahuan anak usia sekolah memiliki peran penting dalam mengidentifikasi tindakan intimidasi dan mencegah terjadinya tindakan bullying antar teman. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh edukasi dan role play terhadap perubahan pengetahuan pencegahan bullying pada anak usia sekolah. Metode yang digunakan pre-eksperimen dengan pendekatan pre-post without control group. Sampel terdiri dari 43 anak dengan usia 9-10 tahun. Teknik sampling menggunakan multistage random sampling untuk menentukan wilayah penelitian sedangkan target sampel penelitian menggunakan simple random sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan edukasi dan role play berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap pengetahuan (p value=0,000) pencegahan bullying anak usia sekolah. Metode edukasi dan role play dapat diterapkan sebagai upaya peningkatan perilaku pencegahan bullying pada anak usia sekolah yang diintegrasikan dalam pelayanan keperawatan di sekolah

Keywords


Anak usia sekolah; bullying; edukasi dan role play

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bacchini, D., Licenziati, M. R., Garrasi, A., Corciulo, N., Driul, D., Tanas, R., … Valerio, G. (2015). Bullying and Victimization in Overweight and Obese Outpatient Children and Adolescents: An Italian Multicentric Study. PLoS ONE, 10(11), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142715

Badan Pusat Statistik, Badan Koordinasi Keluarga Berencanan Nasional, Departemen Kesehatan, & Macro International. (2013). Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia 2012. Sdki, 16. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2007.01580.x

Banyumas, D. K. K. (2018). Profil Anak Usia Dini. Purwokerto.

Barnes, J. L. (2015). Fanfiction as imaginary play: What fan-written stories can tell us about the cognitive science of fiction. Poetics, 48, 69–82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.poetic.2014.12.004

Carvalho, M., Branquinho, C., & Matos, M. (2019). Bullying, ciberbullying e problemas de comportamento : o género e a idade importam? Child and Adolescent Psychology / Revista de Psicologia Da Criança e Do Adolescente, 10(1), 197–205.

Dobrescu, T., & Petrovici, A. M. (2013). Sociological Approach Regarding the Middle School Age Children’s Perception of the Role Played by Physical Education in School. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 92(Lumen), 259–264. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.08.669

Doi, L., Wason, D., Malden, S., & Jepson, R. (2018). Supporting the health and well-being of school-aged children through a school nurse programme : a realist evaluation, 1–11.

Edelman, C. L & Mandle, C. L. (2015). Health promotion throughout the life span. Missouri: Mosby.

Foody, M., Samara, M., & O’Higgins Norman, J. (2017). Bullying and cyberbullying studies in the school-aged population on the island of Ireland: A meta-analysis. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 87(4), 535–557. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjep.12163

Fujikawa, S., Ando, S., Shimodera, S., Koike, S., Usami, S., Toriyama, R., … Nishida, A. (2016). The association of current violence from adult family members with adolescent bullying involvement and suicidal feelings. PLoS ONE, 11(10), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163707

Harefa, B. (2016). Kapita Selekta Perlindungan Hukum bagi Anak (1st ed.). Yogyakarta: Deepublish Publisher.

Kusumawardani, L.H., Mulyono, S., & Fitriyani, P. (2018). Improving diarrheal preventive behavior through therapeutic sociodramatic play in school-aged children. Enfermeria Global, 17(3). https://doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.17.3.304701

Kusumawardani, Lita Heni, Mulyono, S., & Fitriyani, P. (2019). Parental Knowledge Influenced the Effectiveness of Therapeutic Sociodramatic Play on Diarrheal Preventive Behavior in School-Age Children. Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing, 42(sup1), 122–134. https://doi.org/10.1080/24694193.2019.1578433

Kusumawardani, Lita Heni, Rekawati, E., & Fitriyani, P. F. (2019). Improving diarrhoeal and clean and healthy living behaviour (PHBS) through collaboration socio-dramatic play (Ko-Berdrama) in school age children. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 48(3), 240. https://doi.org/10.4038/sljch.v48i3.8759

Lam, W., Dawson, A., & Fowler, C. (2015). Health promotion interventions to prevent early childhood human influenza at the household level: A realist review to identify implications for programmes in Hong Kong. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 24(7–8), 891–905. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.12646

Le, H. T. H., Dunne, M. P., Campbell, M. A., Gatton, M. L., Nguyen, H. T., & Tran, N. T. (2017). Temporal patterns and predictors of bullying roles among adolescents in Vietnam: a school-based cohort study. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 22, 107–121. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2016.1271953

Marshall, A., Yarber, W. L., Sherwood-Laughlin, C. M., Gray, M. L., & Estell, D. B. (2015). Coping and Survival Skills: The Role School Personnel Play Regarding Support for Bullied Sexual Minority-Oriented Youth. Journal of School Health, 85(5), 334–340. https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12254

Nelson, H. J., Burns, S. K., Kendall, G. E., & Schonert-Reichl, K. A. (2019). Preadolescent children’s perception of power imbalance in bullying: A thematic analysis. PLoS ONE, 14(3), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211124

Pojednic, R., Peabody, S., Carson, S., Kennedy, M., Bevans, K., & Phillips, E. M. (2016). The effect of before school physical activity on child development: A study protocol to evaluate the Build Our Kids Success (BOKS) Program. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 49, 103–108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2016.06.009

Pozzoli, T., Gini, G., & Altoè, G. (2017). Associations between facial emotion recognition and young adolescents’ behaviors in bullying. PLoS ONE, 12(11), 1–24. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0188062

Raile Alligood Martha. (2013). Nursing Theory Utilization and Application. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling (Vol. 53). https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Renteng, S. (2017). Efektivitas story telling terhadap Pengetahuan dan kemampuan melindungi diri dari bullying pada anak prasekolah. Universitas Indonesia.

Santrock, J. W. (2013). Adolescence (15th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.

Sarková, M., Sigmundová, D., & Kalman, M. (2017). National time trends in bullying among adolescents in the Czech republic from 1994 to 2014. Central European Journal of Public Health, 25(Suppl 1), S32–S35. https://doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5098

Shea, M., Wang, C., Shi, W., Gonzalez, V., & Espelage, D. (2016). Parents and teachers’ perspectives on school bullying among elementary school-aged asian and latino immigrant children. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 7(2), 83–96. https://doi.org/10.1037/aap0000047

Straatmann, V. S., Almquist, Y. B., Oliveira, A. J., Rostila, M., & Lopes, C. S. (2018). Cross-lagged structural equation models for the relationship between health-related state and behaviours and body bullying in adolescence: findings from longitudinal study ELANA. PLoS ONE, 13(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191253

Trevisol, M. T. C., & Uberti, L. (2015). Bullying na Escola: A Compreensão do Aluno no Papel de Testemunha. Psicologia - Teoria e Prática, 17(3), 164–176. https://doi.org/10.15348/1980-6906/psicologia.v17n3p164-176




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30643/jiksht.v15i2.73

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

LOKASI

Contact Person

Name: Muh. Zul Azhri Rustam, S.KM., M.Kes.

Telp: +6285256544844

Email: jurnalilmiahkeperawatan.sht@gmail.com

Addres: Jl. Gadung No. 1 Kota Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia